Meaning of the word “else”

2018-06-24 16:29:19

"If anyone tells you that a certain person speaks ill of you, do not

make excuses about what is said of you but answer, ‘He was ignorant of

my other faults, else he would have not mentioned these alone.'" –

Epictetus

What does the word "else" mean? I think it means "otherwise". Is it correct?

Else used as shown is a conjunction, meaning 'otherwise'. It is common in, but not exclusive to, British English. Examples:

We must repair the walls, else the roof will collapse.

Hurry, else you will be late.

The phrasing is old fashioned, probably because you are reading a translation that was made in the ninteenth or early twentieth century. A modern writer of American English would likely write the two words or else instead of the one word else. Otherwise would be a good substitute, but again or otherwise would likely be more common.

One of the defects of the English lexicon is that there is no universally accepted way to distinguish between what mathema

  • Else used as shown is a conjunction, meaning 'otherwise'. It is common in, but not exclusive to, British English. Examples:

    We must repair the walls, else the roof will collapse.

    Hurry, else you will be late.

    2018-06-24 16:36:07
  • The phrasing is old fashioned, probably because you are reading a translation that was made in the ninteenth or early twentieth century. A modern writer of American English would likely write the two words or else instead of the one word else. Otherwise would be a good substitute, but again or otherwise would likely be more common.

    One of the defects of the English lexicon is that there is no universally accepted way to distinguish between what mathematicians call the inclusive or and the exclusive or. The phrase A or B means A alone or B alone or both A and B: or alone is lexically inclusive (although logic may indicate that the meaning is exclusive). It is equivalent to the Latin vel. Latin had the form aut A aut B to mark the exclusive or: A or B but not both.

    A else B is one old fashioned way to form an exclusive or. I prefer either A or else B, but the only way to be sure that every English speaker will grasp that you mean an exclusive or is to exclude the possibility of both

    2018-06-24 17:05:32
  • No It's wrong . There are few answers. They are( another, other or beside)

    2018-06-24 17:51:45