Contextual meaning of a philosophical text

2018-06-22 14:02:34

I want to confirm a sentence, which I have rendered bold below, related to Aristotle's view regarding Thales philosophy in a philosophical article.

In Book I of the Metaphysics, Aristotle claims that the earliest of

these, among whom he places the Milesians, explained things only in

terms of their matter (Met. I.3 983b6–18). This claim is anachronistic

in that it presupposes Aristotle's own novel view that a complete

explanation must encompass four factors: what he called the material,

efficient, formal, and final causes. Yet there is something in what

Aristotle says. Aristotle links Thales' claim that the world rests on

water with the view that water was the archē, or fundamental

principle, and he adds that “that from which they come to be is a

principle of all things” (983b24–25; 11A12). He suggests that Thales

chose water because of its fundamental role in coming-to-be,

nutrition, and growth, and claims that water is the origin of the

natur

  • He [Aristotle] suggests that Thales chose water because of its fundamental role in coming-to-be, nutrition, and growth, and [that Thales] claims that water is the origin of the nature of moist things.

    If we take Hugh Lawson-Tancred's translation of the text we read :

    But the number and form of such a principle [of all things] they do not all proclaim to be the same. Thales, the introducer of this sort of philosophy, said that it was water (that is why he declared the earth to be sitting on water), perhaps drawing this supposition from seeing that the nourishment of all creatures is moist and that warmth itself arises from this and that it is by this that all creatures live (and the assumption that that from which a thing comes is its principle in all cases). Metaphysics, Alpha, 393b : Lawson-Tanced, 13.

    So Aristotle claims that Thales claims that water is the origin ... And your author claims that Aristotle claims that Thales claims that water is the origin ...

    What is essen

    2018-06-22 14:05:24